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Archeomagnetism contributes greatly to recovering the secular variation of the geomagnetic field during the Holocene, which has applications for exploring the geodynamo in Earth's interior (Tarduno et al., 2015; Terra-Nova et al., 2016; Davies and Constable, 2017) and establishing various global models [e.g., the CALS series (Korte and Constable, 2011; Korte et al., 2011; Constable et al., 2016), ARCH3k.1 (Korte et al., 2009), ARCH10k.1 (Constable et al., 2016), pfm9k (Nilsson et al., 2014), and SHA. Archeomagnetic studies can also be used to solve archeological issues, such as dating an artifact by comparing its recorded geomagnetic intensity and/or direction to a local geomagnetic reference curve (Aitken, 1990; Pavón-Carrasco et al., 2011; Carrancho et al., 2017; Peters et al., 2017), or testing the synchronicity of archeological units by comparing the geomagnetic information extracted from them (Carrancho et al., 2016). Archeomagnetic studies even have potential applications for exploring the relationship between positions of virtual geomagnetic poles and historical records of aurorae (Liritzis, 1988). In this paper, we review the development of Chinese archeomagnetism, including a summary of previous work, recent progress, remaining issues and future studies with the aim of promoting an understanding of archeomagnetic work in China and to guide the way for future studies. doi: 10.1002/ggge.20165 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Gómez-Paccard, M., Chauvin, A., Lanos, P., Dufresne, P., Kovacheva, M., Hill, M. Here, we compile published data, including some data discovered in old publications that have not yet been included in paleomagnetic databases.
Archeomagnetic studies in China were first carried out in the 1960s by Deng and Li (1965), who retrieved a few paleointensity and inclination data points from the Beijing area. doi: 10.1016/S0031-9201(02)00030-4 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Gallet, Y., Molist Montaa, M., Genevey, A., Clop García, X., Thébault, E., Gómez Bach, A., et al.
“old int not in GEOMAGIA” and “old dir not in GEOMAGIA” represent locations of archeointensity and archeodirection data published in the twentieth century but not included in the GEOMAGIA database (Deng and Li, 1965; IGCAS, 1977; Wei et al., 1980; Yang et al., 1993b). Full vector archaeomagnetic records from Anatolia between 24 BCE: implications for geomagnetic field models and the dating of fires in antiquity.
The archeointensity data published in recent years by Cai et al.
This was followed by a paper, with the by-line of Paleomagnetism Laboratory of the Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (named the author “IGCAS” hereafter), which reported a number of paleointensity results from the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet (IGCAS, 1977).
A great quantity of Chinese archeomagnetic studies were carried out in the 1980s by Wei et al.
Search for archeomagnetic dating:
China constitutes a huge part of Eastern Asia and has a civilization that spans thousands of years leaving abundant archeological artifacts.